The Guardian

Today is the European Day of Languages. Within the European Union, there are 23 officially recognised languages. There are also more than 60 indigenous regional and minority languages, and many non-indigenous languages spoken by migrant communities.

That’s not counting the many immigrants that call Europe home and bring their mother tongues with them. People from over 100 different countries live in Europe.

Just over half of Europeans (54%) are able to hold a conversation in at least one additional language, a quarter (25%) are able to speak at least two additional languages and one in ten (10%) are conversant in at least three.

The five most widely spoken foreign languages remain English (38%), French (12%), German (11%), Spanish (7%) and Russian (5%). Almost everyone in Luxembourg (98%), Latvia (95%), the Netherlands (94%), Malta (93%), Slovenia and Lithuania (92% each), and Sweden (91%) are able to speak at least one language in addition to their mother tongue.

Countries where people are least likely to be able to speak any foreign language are Hungary (65%), Italy (62%), the UK and Portugal (61% in each), and Ireland (60%).

This shows the most spoken second languages in Europe. It excludes both native and official local languages. For example, for a German living in the UK, German (native language) and English (local language) would be excluded.As the data was collected via a Eurobarometer survey, for countries where the differences between languages were marginal, multiple languages have been included.